Achieving a net zero and reliable energy supply in Germany by 2045: the essential role of CO2 sequestration


Current German energy policy is focused on further increasing renewable capacity and energy consumption to achieve net zero GHG emissions by 2045 while maintaining security of energy supply. The projected pace of renewables deployment looks ambitious but achievable and could see significant volumes of unabated coal-fired power generation phased out by 2030. However, it will miss the 2045 net zero target by several decades, even if the problems related to the low level of readiness of electrolysis and the hydrogen infrastructures which remain to be provided, in particular storage, could be solved in time. For a realistic chance of reaching net zero in 2045 by adding ambitious CO2 capture and sequestration policy is essential. Current German legislation prohibits CO2 sequestration but CO2 capture and transport for export are explicitly possible. Norway with a sequestration potential of 70 Gt CO2 would be an obvious partner for Germany, but such a partnership would require the introduction of missing German standards and procedures to manage CO2 and ratify Germany’s amendment to the London Protocol. By adding a pragmatic CO2 sequestration policies like those of the US, UK and the Netherlands, Germany would have a realistic chance of reaching net zero by 2045 without jeopardizing its industrial base.

From: Ralph Dickel


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